Seminar at Speech, Music and Hearing:
On the control of virtual violins
Seminariet följs av paneldiskussion med Jim Woodhouse, Cambridge University, Colin Gough, University of Birmingham, Kia Ng, University of Leeds och Knut Guettler, Norges Musikhögskole.
AbstractThis thesis treats the control of sound synthesis of bowed string instruments with
applications in physical modelling. The work followed two approaches: (a) a systematic
exploration of the influence of control parameters (bow force, bow velocity, and bowbridge
distance) on the output of a physical model of the violin, and (b) measurements and
analyses of the bowing parameters in real violin playing in order to model and parameterize
basic classes of bowing patterns for synthesis control.
First a bowed-string model based on modal solutions of the string equation is described
and implemented for synthesis of violin sounds. The behaviour of the model is examined
through simulations focusing on playability, i.e. the control parameter space in which a
periodic Helmholtz motion is obtained, and the variations of the properties of the simulated
sound (sound level and spectral centroid) within this parameter space. The response of
the model corresponded well with theoretical predictions and empirical expectations based
on observations of real performances. The exploration of the model allowed to define
optimal parameter regions for the synthesis, and to map sound properties on the control
A second part covers the development of a sensor for measuring the bow force in real
violin performance. The force sensor was later combined with an optical motion capture
system for measurement of complete sets of bowing parameters in violin performance.
In a last part, measurements of the control parameters for basic classes of bowing
patterns (sautillé, spiccato, martelé, tremolo) are analyzed in order to propose a realistic
control of the sound synthesis. The time evolution of the bowing parameters were modelled
by analytical functions, which allowed to describe and control simulated bowing patterns
by a limited set of control parameters. For sustained bowing patterns such as détaché,
control strategies for basic elements in playing (variations in dynamic level, bow changes)
were extracted from exemplary measurements, and simple rules deduced, which allowed
extrapolation of parameters to modified bow strokes with other durations and at different
Keywords: Bowed string, physical modelling, sound synthesis, performance control,
Demoucron som har varit antagen till gemensam forskarutbildning vid KTH och Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI) presenterar sin avhandling som han försvarade i Paris 24 nov 2008.
15:15 - 17:00
Friday January 30, 2009
The seminar is held in Fantum.
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