Seminar at Speech, Music and Hearing:
Acoustical Study of Classical Kunqu Opera Singers
Dong Li, Linguistics Laboratory, Peking University
Elsie Dong has been a doctoral exchange student at TMH for the past 12 months, with Johan Sundberg as her supervisor. Here she will present the outcomes of her research, just before returning to China.
AbstractFive traditional Kunqu Opera roles: Young girl and Young woman, Young man, Old man (OM) and Colorful face (CF) were the topic of this research. Their pitch ranges are similar to those of some western opera singers (alto, alto, tenor, baritone and baritone, respectively). Each singer performed three conditions: singing, stage speech and conversational speech. Several parameters were analyzed: equivalent sound level (Leq), sound pressure level (SPL), fundamental frequency (F0) and long-term-average spectra (LTAS). Differences between the roles and between their performances of three conditions were examined. Leq of stage speech and singing were considerably higher than that of conversational speech. With regard to gender and age, male roles had higher mean Leq and lower MF0 as compared with female roles. Female singers showed a wider F0 distribution for singing than for stage speech while the opposite was true for male singers. The LTAS curves showed no evidence of a singer’s formant cluster peak, but the CF role demonstrated a speaker’s formant peak near 3 kHz. Besides, for OM and CF roles, which use modal register in singing, the relationship between formant frequencies and partials, flow glottogram and electroglottogram (EGG) parameters were also analyzed. Both flow glottogram and EGG parameters suggested CF and OM roles using a rather pressed type of phonation.
15:15 - 17:00
Tuesday September 10, 2013
The seminar is held in Fantum.
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